Can I Use Photos Found On the Web In My Website?
Of course there are hundreds of thousands of images to be found on other websites. Is it acceptable to copy someone else’s picture and incorporate it in your website or blog?
The short answer is: NO. Unless you have paid for a photo or have been granted explicit permission to use it on your website, the safe choice is not to use it.
Just typing a subject into Google Images and copying something is easy, but it’s not the best idea if you want to avoid a lawsuit. New services like TinEye can allow photographers to find out what you’re up to with their photos.
Before we go any farther, a disclaimer. I am not a lawyer (insert lawyer joke here). The details of copyright law as they apply to digital works can be complicated, and they are constantly changing. Do not send us copyright questions.
First, some basic copyright facts. In the U.S., pretty much anything created privately and originally since the late eighties is copyrighted and protected AUTOMATICALLY, whether it has a notice or not. The upshot of this is that small businesses generally don’t need to worry about posting complicated copyright notices on their websites.
Also, copyright can still be violated whether you charge money or not on your website. Copyright laws are becoming more serious, and new laws are constantly moving copyright violation into the criminal realm (corporations and lobbyists, go figure).
The “fair use” exemption to U.S. copyright law was created to allow things such as commentary, parody and news reporting, and doesn’t require the permission of the author. However this mostly applies to written content, such as quoting from a New York Times article. More on fair use can be found here.
Be careful with images obtained from 3rd party sources, such as sites that offer free images, or even sample images purchased with a site template. If those images weren’t licensed correctly, the company that owns them could sue YOU.
Legit Ways To Obtain Photos
The ideal choice, of course, is to use your own photos. There are countless tutorials online that can help you to improve your photography skills. That’s not always possible or practical though, so instead you’ll want to look to trustworthy ‘stock photo’ websites.
The safest options are sites that sell images, or more accurately, they sell rights to use photos on your website. We like iStockPhoto and VivoZoom because of the large selections, powerful photo search features, and their warranties, covering you up to a set amount if you get sued for using one of their images.
Images purchased this way cost just a few dollars, depending on the size of course. Definitely consider purchasing a few images for your primary pages, as professional images can make a good impression on visitors.
How To Get Free Photos
There are many free options also. Probably the best place to start your search is Stock.XCHNG, which has hundreds of thousands of photos and a more strict uploading system, which reduces the chance that you’ll get an image that is stolen.
Other good sources of free photos include StockVault, OpenPhoto, FreeMediaGOO, MorgueFile and Unprofound. There are many more out there of course (here’s a more extensive list of free stock image sites) but be cautious when using unknown sites, which may offer images without the author’s permission.
Photo sharing sites like Flickr contain a wide variety of images with different licenses. The image license determines whether you have permission to use a file or not. For example, not all licenses allow their photos to be used commercially. Visit the Creative Commons website for details on image licenses.
Another interesting options is to use Google’s image search to find photos with a free license. Just go to ‘advanced options’ and choose images that are ‘labeled for reuse/commercial reuse’.
Finally, always remember to consider the source. Just because someone slaps a Creative Commons label on a photo doesn’t mean that they own the photo or even understand what the label means. For more information on photos, copyrights, licenses and such, visit www.copyright.gov, www.photolaw.net, www.dom4j.org and photography.about.com.